Migration Out of the Plains during the Depression. During the Dust Bowl years, the weather destroyed nearly all the crops farmers tried to grow on the Great Plains. … Many once-proud farmers packed up their families and moved to California hoping to find work as day laborers on huge farms.
Why did Dust Bowl migrants go to California?
Migrants Were Feared as a Health Threat
Many families left farm fields to move to Los Angeles or the San Francisco Bay area, where they found work in shipyards and aircraft factories that were gearing up to supply the war effort.
What happened to most migrant workers when they arrived in California?
As migrants arrived in California, there were far more workers than available jobs. This overabundance of laborers drove down wages. Many migrants set up camp along the irrigation ditches of the farms they were working, which led to overcrowding and poor sanitary conditions.
What happened when migrant Okies went to California?
This migration began in earnest in 1935 and peaked between 1937 and 1938. When the migrants got to Barstow, California, they had to decide whether to follow Highway 66 into Los Angeles or turn north toward California’s central agricultural valleys. Some 38 percent of the southwestern migrants chose Los Angeles.
What did most migrant workers do to make a living in California during the 1930s?
The Great Depression and the Dust Bowl, a period of drought that destroyed millions of acres of farmland, forces white farmers to sell their farms and become migrant workers who travel from farm to farm to pick fruit and other crops at starvation wages.
What 5 states were affected by the Dust Bowl?
Dust Bowl, section of the Great Plains of the United States that extended over southeastern Colorado, southwestern Kansas, the panhandles of Texas and Oklahoma, and northeastern New Mexico.
What happened socially in the 1930s in California?
California was hit hard by the economic collapse of the 1930s. Businesses failed, workers lost their jobs, and families fell into poverty. … In spite of the general gloom of the decade, Californians continued to build and celebrate their Golden State.
How much did migrant workers get paid?
Importantly, Santa Clara, CA has a moderately active Migrant Worker job market with only a few companies currently hiring for this type of role.
What are Top 10 Highest Paying Cities for Migrant Worker Jobs.
Did the Dust Bowl affect California?
The storms, years of drought, and the Great Depression devastated the lives of residents living in those Dust Bowl states. Three hundred thousand of the stricken people packed up their belongings and drove to California. … The great Dust Bowl migration transformed and reshaped California for years to come.
Did migrant workers have any options for a better life?
Did migrant workers have any options for a better life? -Yes, but no. They could have been something great if they chose to, but that would have taken a lot of effort.
What did most Okies find in California?
There was some work, especially in the new fields of cotton that were being planted in California – a crop that southern plains people knew a lot about. But there was not enough work for everyone who came. Instead of immediate riches, they often found squalor in roadside ditch encampments.
What did Okies do in California?
“Okies,” as Californians labeled them, were refugee farm families from the Southern Plains who migrated to California in the 1930s to escape the ruin of the Great Depression and the Dust Bowl.
Where did most of the Okies go?
The migrants included people from Oklahoma, Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Nebraska, Kansas, Texas, Colorado and New Mexico, but were all referred to as “Okies” and “Arkies.” More of the migrants were from Oklahoma than any other state, and a total of 15% of the Oklahoma population left for California.
What did migrant workers do in their free time?
When they were not working or looking for work, or tending to the civil and domestic operations of the camp, the migrants found time to engage in recreational activities. Singing and making music took place both in private living quarters and in public spaces.
What are the working and living conditions of migrant farmers?
Farmworkers are often isolated, living in rural areas with no transportation. They experience discrimination and harassment. They must often work long hours, with little diversion or entertainment. As a result, farmworkers have high rates of anxiety, depression, and other mental health problems .