The 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol are the key legal documents that form the basis of our work. The core principle is non-refoulement, which asserts that a refugee should not be returned to a country where they face serious threats to their life or freedom. …
What are the main features of the Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees 1967?
These include respecting the principle of non-refoulement – that is, not sending refugees to a place where they are at risk of persecution, or to a country which might send them to such a place; providing refugees with a legal status, including rights such as access to employment, education and social security; and not …
What does the Geneva Convention say about refugees?
The Geneva Convention does not exclude removal of asylum-seekers to safe third countries. Asylum-seekers unlawfully present in a state can be required to seek protection in another country, but those lawfully present cannot be expelled from its territory (Article 32).
What is the UN Convention 1951?
Formal definition laid out in 1951 UN convention
Approved at a United Nations conference in 1951 and brought into force in 1954, the convention initially sought to codify the rights of refugees in post-war Europe. … One of the pillars of the UN convention is the principle of non-refoulement.
What rights do refugees have?
Refugees must receive the same treatment as nationals of the receiving country with regard to the following rights: Free exercise of religion and religious education. Free access to the courts, including legal assistance. Access to elementary education.
What is the UN refugee Protocol?
The 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol are the key legal documents that form the basis of our work. … The core principle is non-refoulement, which asserts that a refugee should not be returned to a country where they face serious threats to their life or freedom.
What is the key legal document relating to the Status of Refugees?
The Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, also known as the 1951 Refugee Convention or the Geneva Convention of 28 July 1951, is a United Nations multilateral treaty that defines who a refugee is, and sets out the rights of individuals who are granted asylum and the responsibilities of nations that grant …
Can refugees be sent back to their country?
Once the reasons for being displaced or having fled have disappeared and it is safe again to live in this country refugees are free to go back to their country of origin. The so-called returnees are still people of concern to the UNHCR and are, as such, under their legal protection.
What happens if you break Geneva Convention?
What happens if you break the rules of war? A State responsible for IHL violations must make full reparation for the loss or injury it has caused. Serious violations of IHL are war crimes. Individuals responsible for these crimes can be investigated and prosecuted.
What is difference between refugee and asylum seeker?
Definition: An asylum seeker is someone who claims to be a refugee but whose claim hasn’t been evaluated. … Someone is an asylum seeker for so long as their application is pending. So not every asylum seeker will be recognised as a refugee, but every refugee is initially an asylum seeker.
Is the 1951 Refugee Convention still relevant today?
Nearly 50 years after its adoption, the Refugee Convention remains the only international instrument for the protection of refugees, and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) is still exhorting Western governments to respect and uphold it as the ‘cornerstone’ and ‘foundation’ of the international …
Did the US ratify the 1951 Refugee Convention?
Ratified by 145 State parties, the convention defines the term “refugee” and outlines the rights of the displaced, as well as the legal obligations of nations and states to protect them. The U.S. government declined to ratify this convention.
Is the 1951 Refugee Convention binding?
The current protection challenges require that the 1951 refugee definition be reconsidered. … [iii] Although the 1984 Cartagena Declaration on Refugees is a non-legally binding document, it has influenced several domestic legislations in the Latin American region to adopt its expanded refugee definition.